Ежегодно осенью отмечают День трезвости в России, и 2022 год не исключение. Он отмечается ежегодно 11 сентября.

Цель этого праздника – агитация за жизнь и досуг без алкоголя, популяризация трезвого образа жизни в целом.

История праздника начинается в 1913 г., когда представители Православной церкви предложили объявить День трезвости в честь Усекновения главы святого Пророка Иоанна Предтечи. По традиции в этот день верующие постятся по строгим правилам, исключающим в том числе употребление спиртного.

Алкогольная зависимость – одна из самых распространенных напастей современного мира. Она становится причиной разрушения семей и деградации личности со всеми вытекающими последствиями. Среди страдающих от данной зависимости все чаще и чаще встречаются подростки, молодые женщины и мужчины, которые попадают в эту кабалу из-за легкомысленного отношения к своему здоровью.

Глаза – очень чувствительный орган, поэтому неудивительно, что употребление алкоголя не проходит для них бесследно. Механизм действия этилового спирта всем известен: сначала он на короткое время расширяет сосуды, затем – сужает, что приводит к кислородному голоданию. При этом совершенно не важно, сколько и какой напиток пил человек. Реакция на алкоголь всегда одинаковая, только проявляется с разной силой.

Почему ухудшается зрение после алкоголя?

Алкоголь и продукты его распада оказывают отравляющее действие на нервные окончания, снижая их чувствительность. Они расслабляют глазные мышцы, в результате чего снижается качество зрительного восприятия: появляется эффект раздвоения изображения (диплопия), ухудшается острота зрения, цветовосприятие, способность различать свет и темноту, следить за движущимися объёктами, видеть всю картинку целиком.

Этиловый спирт в случае его злоупотребления разрушает стенки сосудов, способствует отложению в их стенках атеросклеротических бляшек и образованию тромбов, а также вызывает спазм сосудов. На первом этапе после употребления этилового спирта происходит кратковременное расширение сосудов. Затем наступает следующий этап — сужение кровеносных сосудов. Страдают в основном сосуды мелкого и среднего калибра — артериолы и венулы. В связи с чем недостаточное поступление кислорода к клеткам сетчатки становится причиной снижения зрения. Чем крепче напиток, тем сильнее может быть выражено токсическое действие алкоголя на сетчатку глаза и зрительный нерв.

Периферическое зрение также страдает под воздействием спиртного. Боковые предметы практически полностью выпадают из поля зрения. Сильная интоксикация может сопровождаться эффектом «туннельного зрения» — состоянием, при котором человеку кажется, что он видит все через подзорную трубу. Именно по этой причине пьяные люди часто травмируются.

Контрастная чувствительность глаз страдает не меньше, чем остальные функции зрения. Спирт, воздействуя на печень, вызывает недостаток ферментов, участвующих в синтезировании светочувствительного пигмента сетчатки, который отвечает за контрастность изображения. Цветовая слепота не возникнет после разового употребления алкоголя. Это может произойти только из-за злоупотребления алкоголя.

Еще один признак негативного влияния алкоголя. Он проявляется при похмельном синдроме. Попадая в организм, этиловый спирт может приводить к снижению в крови эритроцитов. Их недостаток становится причиной падения уровня гемоглобина. Из-за этого к тканям глаза поступает мало кислорода. Также может появляться ощущение рези, инородного тела. Возникает желание потереть глаза, и прикасание к ним грязными руками приводит к попаданию микробов и развитию воспаления.

В результате алкогольного опьянения замедляется восстановление после воздействия яркого света. У трезвых людей при резком изменении освещения зрение быстро адаптируется к новым условиям, поэтому они продолжают хорошо видеть. У выпившего человека этот процесс занимает значительно больше времени. Вот почему так много пьяных водителей попадают в аварии после ослепления фарами на ночной дороге.

После употребления крепких напитков низкого качества или суррогатов алкоголя даже в небольших дозах человек может остаться полностью слепым. Зрение после приема «такого» алкоголя может пропасть внезапно. Суррогаты алкоголя в некоторых случаях вызывают полную слепоту мгновенно и необратимо, даже после разового их приема. Развивается токсическое поражение зрительного нерва и его атрофия. Наблюдаются такие симптомы, как нарушение цветовосприятия, появление «слепых пятен» в поле зрения, когда из него выпадают целые участки, сужение полей зрения, боль в глазах при их движении.

Прогрессирует патология достаточно быстро. Опасность ее при алкоголизме заключается в том, что пьяный человек может не замечать признаков заболевания. Из-за этого лечебные мероприятия не проводятся или назначаются слишком поздно.

Откажитесь от спиртного полностью или употребляйте безопасные дозы, не доводя себя до критического опьянения и страшных трагедий, к которым приводит злоупотребление алкоголем!

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  6.  has retaken the reins of government this afternoon, hours after undergoing surgery on a sinus problem this morning, No10 has revealed.The Prime Minister is
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    The Prime Minister, who flew to Ukraine at the weekend, had a ‘minor’ operation at an unspecified London NHS
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    On Saturday Mr Johnson made a second surprise visit to
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  14. shared a heartfelt message about his wife and his daughter Poppy as he marked on Wednesday.The actor, 58, who stars in Emmerdale opposite Laura, 39, shared a
    photo of Laura and Poppy holding her four-month-old half sister Ronnie.Alongside the post,
    Mark wrote: ‘Happy international woman’s day to the
    most incredible woman in my life .

    @aura_nots Poppy Jordon, Ronnie Jordon’.Mark shares Poppy with his ex-wife
    who he was married to from 1997 to 2014.He and his co-star Laura announced they were expecting their first child together in August 2020,
    with their son Jesse born the following January. 
    Tribute: Mark Jordon shared a heartfelt message about his wife Laura Norton and
    his daughter Poppy as he marked International Women’s Day on Wednesday
    Family: The actor, 58, who stars in Emmerdale opposite Laura, shared a photo of Laura
    and Poppy holding her four-month-old half sister RonnieMark recently shared sweet family snaps of his
    and Laura’s two kids after revealing they both have the rare
    genetic condition Usher syndrome.Usher syndrome is
    a rare genetic disease that affects both hearing and vision, requiring both children to
    wear hearing aids for the rest of their lives — and
    potentially deal with sight loss into their teenage years. In recent posts Jesse looked adorable as he stood in their lounge and took on some arts and crafts — while other snaps showed him at his second birthday party.He
    looked like he was having a great time as he blew out his candles and held a silver 2 balloon.Meanwhile recent snaps
    of Ronnie showed him looking adorable in his baby grow as he looked up at the camera.Laura
    captioned the cute image: ‘4 months old today and pretty happy
    about it!’ Admitting that she was ‘in tears’
    at the thought of something being wrong with her children before learning
    of the condition, Laura has this week opened up about how they are dealing with the
    health knockback and adjusting. In a new interview with
    , the couple, who met on the set of Emmerdale in 2014, spoke out on the condition for the first time. 
    Adorable: Mark recently shared sweet family snaps of his and Laura’s two kids after
    revealing they both have the rare genetic condition Usher
    syndrome Sweet: The engaged couple took to Instagram to post the cute images of Ronnie, four months, (pictured above) and Jesse, two, amid busy family lifeLaura is known for portraying Kerry Wyatt in Emmerdale, meeting her fiance, who portrayed PC Phil
    Bellamy in series Heartbeat, when he briefly joined the soap cast
    as Daz Spencer.They often share a glimpse into family life with their two little
    ones via social media, but have kept the diagnosis, which they first suspected in 2021, under wraps.Talking to Hello!, the pair admitted that the young children do not yet know of their condition, but as parents,
    they felt ready to talk about it in public in order to help
    others. ‘We’ve agonised about doing this before we’ve even told our children about their condition…

    we’re going to write them a letter to explain why we did ths and show
    then when they’re old enough to understand,’ shared Mark.The couple first worried that there could
    be health issues shortly after the birth of son Jesse in 2021, when he failed standard hearing tests.As further tests confirmed that something wasn’t right with
    his hearing, Laura explained that she had a gut worry that there
    was an issue, sharing: ‘My intuition told me there was a
    serious problem and I was in tears at the thought of it’.Laura and Mark didn’t learn that
    it was Usher Syndrome until they were expecting second child Ronnie — when they were told during a medical assesment that they were both carriers
    of the gene which causes the condition.’Knowing that we’d passed this on to our son was heartbreaking,’ said Laura,
    who was later told that her children will suffer night blindness in their teens,
    before peripheral vision loss and tunnel vision.She continued:
    ‘To watch our little boy enjoy the world around him
    yet know so much will be taken from him, was painful’.  Tough:
     Usher syndrome is a rare genetic disease that affects both
    hearing and vision, requiring both children to
    wear hearing aids for the rest of their lives
    Looking ahead: The couple are hoping to raise awareness and help others
    with children suffering Jesse now wears a hearing aid, with
    mum Laura explaining that he can ‘hear airplanes in the sky before
    we can’ with the help.While it was bittersweet welcoming
    their daughter Jesse last year and going through the same issues as she was also diagnosed,
    the couple admitted that they at least knew what to expect the
    second time around.  While they are also pleased that their two children will
    have each other, rather than dealing with the condition alone. Looking to the future, the couple are now
    hoping to raise awareness and help others with children suffering.<div class="art-ins mol-factbox tvshowbiz" data-version="2" id="mol-7da2bba0-bd9f-11ed-8277-8b4dd2a3dbe7" website Jordon pays tribute to wife Laura Norton and daughter Poppy

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